Archives for April 2021

April 16, 2021 - No Comments!

Zelda Perkins Settlement Agreement

110.We are concerned that NDAs are widely used to silence victims of sexual harassment in the workplace and to prevent cases from being made public for fear of bad publicity. However, the confidentiality of these agreements makes it difficult to estimate the number of these agreements and assess their ethics. The 11KBW and Doughty Street Chambers barristers summarized the main risks associated with the unethical use of AND in the silent system of victims so that individuals do not report serious misconduct to the police; will feel compelled not to assist in investigations or prosecutions; 166 Mr. Taggart also suggested that the government, the Acas and charities could do more to communicate the effects of confidentiality and confidentiality agreements and that there are real restrictions. Mr. Mansell and Allen-Overy, along with their lawyers at Simons Muirhead-Burton, declined to comment on Ms. Perkins` agreement. "I tried to find a lawyer because I still didn`t know if I was going to find myself in a terrible legal situation. I went to a series of better law firms, they all talked to me, but after the first conversation, they shut me down.

I was outraged and horrified. I was basically stoned after breaking this agreement, but it`s not a particular law firm, it`s the system," she said. 111.We have heard unfortunate examples of how NDAs have been used to threaten, harass and silence victims of sexual harassment. It is shocking to note that, in some cases, this unethical treatment has been facilitated by legal practitioners. In particular, two high-level cases - the Presidents Club Dinner and the Zelda Perkins case - show how NOAs can be used unethically and potentially illegally in employment contracts and transaction agreements. 130.The use of confidentiality agreements (NOAs) must be subject to better scrutiny and regulation to ensure that they are not used unethically in cases where allegations of sexual harassment are alleged. It is essential that workers have access to information about the responsible and legal use of confidentiality clauses and that lawyers be held responsible for using these clauses unethically or attempting to use them. We are pleased that the SSA has issued guidelines on reporting sexual harassment and the use of NDAs in sexual harassment cases, and we hope that the Bar Standards Board and the Council of Lawyers will also issue guidelines. However, regulators must also demonstrate that legal professionals should expect serious penalties if they sexually harass clients or colleagues or abuse ANN to silence victims of sexual harassment. 107.A confidentiality agreement is a contract that contains clauses limiting what a signatory can say about something or who he or she can say. These clauses are also called confidentiality or gag clauses.

The witnesses who testified at our inquiry used the term NOA in a number of ways. We used it to refer to two different types of agreements, which generally contain confidentiality clauses: employment contracts and transaction agreements. I had to leave the company and call myself a constructive dismissal because of Mr. Weinstein`s inappropriate behaviour towards me throughout my work and my colleague`s attempted rape. Our expectation was to sue Mr. Weinstein for justice, but based on the expertise we received at the time and the absence of an HR executive in the company, I was told that we would have no choice but to enter into an agreement with Mr. Weinstein and miramax Corp., to accept a financial compensation plan and to sign a rigorous and monstrous confidentiality agreement.171 134. , should be clearly understood as a professional disciplinary sanction for lawyers who deliberate on these agreements.

April 15, 2021 - No Comments!

Why Do We Have Free Trade Agreements

A free trade agreement is a pact between two or more nations to reduce barriers to trade between imports and exports. Under a free trade policy, goods and services can be bought and sold across international borders without government tariffs, quotas, subsidies or bans. The creation of free trade zones is seen as an exception to the most privileged principle of the World Trade Organization (WTO), since the preferences of the parties to the exclusive granting of a free trade area go beyond their accession obligations. [9] Although GATT Article XXIV authorizes WTO members to establish free trade zones or to conclude interim agreements necessary for their establishment, there are several conditions relating to free trade zones or interim agreements leading to the creation of free trade zones. Together, these agreements mean that about half of all goods entering the United States enter duty-free, according to the government. The average import duty on industrial products is 2%. In general, trade diversion means that a free trade agreement would divert trade from more efficient suppliers outside the zone to less efficient areas. Whereas the creation of trade implies the creation of a free trade area that might not otherwise have existed. In any case, the creation of trade will increase a country`s national well-being. [15] The trade agreement database provided by the ITC market access map. Given that hundreds of free trade agreements are currently in force and are being negotiated (approximately 800 according to the rules of the intermediary of origin, including non-reciprocal trade agreements), it is important for businesses and policy makers to keep their status in mind.

There are a number of free trade agreement custodians available at national, regional or international level. Among the most important are the database on Latin American free trade agreements, established by the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI) [23], the database managed by the Asian Regional Integration Center (ARIC) with information agreements concluded by Asian countries[24] and the portal on free trade negotiations and agreements of the European Union. [25] Environmental protection measures can prevent the destruction of natural resources and crops. Labour laws prevent poor working conditions. The World Trade Organization imposes rules on free trade agreements. All these agreements still do not collectively add up to free trade in its form of free trade. Bitter interest groups have successfully imposed trade restrictions on hundreds of imports, including steel, sugar, automobiles, milk, tuna, beef and denim. For example, a nation could allow free trade with another nation, with exceptions that prohibit the importation of certain drugs not authorized by its regulators, animals that have not been vaccinated, or processed foods that do not meet their standards. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1994) originally defined free trade agreements that were to include only trade in goods. [5] An agreement with a similar purpose, namely the improvement of trade in services, is referred to as the "economic integration agreement" in Article V of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). [6] However, in practice, the term is now commonly used [by whom?] to refer to agreements that concern not only goods, but also services and even investments.

Environmental provisions have also become increasingly common in international investment agreements, such as free trade agreements. [7]:104 Free trade agreements are treaties that govern tariffs, taxes and tariffs applied by countries to their imports and exports. The most well-known regional trade agreement in the United States is the North American Free Trade Agreement. In addition, free trade is now an integral part of the

April 15, 2021 - No Comments!

What Is The Purpose Of A Training Agreement

Keep in mind that training contracts are a mutual agreement between you and your employee. This means that they can play an active role in the development of the training contract and share their thoughts and opinions before signing on the points line. Otherwise, they will not be motivated to follow their end of good deal. Their university or educational institution should provide their own. If they don`t have a model, they can be inspired or follow some of these models from third-party offices. Here are some examples of training agreements for official institutions-Erasmus Before sending their team to conduct training, many companies ask their employees to sign a training agreement that gives them the responsibility to repay investment investments in their training if they leave before a certain period of time. A training contract is a legal agreement between an employer and an apprentice or apprentice that describes: the purpose of training contracts is to protect companies from demented dementors when they invest in their team. It is not intentional to be a tactic to distract people from the intention to stop. That is why the amount of money that the training agreement wants to recover must be a reasonable estimate of the money the company has lost. Important note: Since 31.08.2019, you do not need a training contract signed by a university to do an internship in Spain if you are a student or graduate no more than 2 years ago and if your internship in your field of study is completed. You are therefore in law if:1) you are a university or master`s student and you wish to do an internship or have graduated 2 years ago.2) The internship is related in one way or another to your training or background. FOR MORE INFORMATIONS: IS A FORMATION ACCORD? Before creating the training contract, it is important to discuss the basic parameters with the employee, for example.

B who is responsible for the development of the raw design and what are the objectives to be included. When drafting the first project, inform them of all the guidelines they need to follow and make suggestions to help them identify the right online training activities, evaluations and methods for evaluating the task. Give them a deadline until they submit the rude draft, then decide to meet with them to discuss the details.

April 15, 2021 - No Comments!

What Is A Service Maintenance Agreement

While the insurance law does not define a "guarantee," a guarantee somehow refers to the nature or effectiveness of a product or service. As a general rule, the guarantor undertakes to repair or replace a product that is not working properly, such as a contract. B of a material or processing error or a contract covering the product failure. Ollendorf Watch Co., Inc. v. Pink, 279 N.Y. 32, 17 N.E.2d 675 (1938). Thomas Soerensen, Nigel Weaver and Ove Smidt [12] wrote a comparison between private contracts and area maintenance contracts from the perspective of a systems provider that also provides private maintenance services. For the costs listed below, [Maintenance Company] will periodically check the devices listed in this device plan and keep them in good working order. The inspection and maintenance of the equipment depends on the type of equipment and is defined in the equipment plan. This contract is entered into and implemented from the date mentioned above and between [Maintenance Company] and the Customer whose name and address are described above. one. The fees listed above are non-refundable, even if you decide to cancel the maintenance dates.

B. All materials made available during maintenance-specific services are subject to this material-specific warranty. This agreement does not justify the materials. These are also called maintenance, assistance agreements or enforcement management agreements. The purpose of a service agreement is to describe the objectives and performance standards agreed by the various parties with respect to the services defined in the agreement. Service level agreements generally include services provided, costs, contacts, problem classification, escalation procedures, change management processes, backup, security, archiving, support structures, risk management, responsibilities, guarantees and reporting levels. You`ll probably already have several standard service.B-level agreements with your Internet service provider - but as you focus more on maintaining the site, there are others you need to create and accept, for example. B, agreements with content providers. Frequent parts of a maintenance contract cover all requirements. A maintenance contract defines expectations, schedule, requirements, price and what is not included in the contract. Both parties generally negotiate annual maintenance contracts. Then they will enter into a maintenance contract form.

Many companies enter into preventative maintenance and maintenance contracts for equipment they cannot maintain in-house. Repairing equipment can be costly for a company, especially in an emergency, so preventing major repairs can be very inexpensive. In addition, downtime caused by device failures can be costly. these agreements can help maximize operating time. Preventive maintenance agreements can, if structured accordingly, help a company stay within the budget while achieving specific operational and productivity objectives. This accompanying agreement essentially requires the Bismarck Parks and Recreation District to assume all the obligations and responsibilities contained in the NDDOT cost-benefit and maintenance contract for the provision of local financing, construction needs, maintenance and other items. There are a number of services, for which you want to establish a maintenance contract, such as. B: (a) (1) "insurance contract," any agreement or other transaction in which a party, the "insurer," is required to give financial value to another party, the insured or the "beneficiary," depending on the entry case in which the insured or beneficiary has granted financial value, or will have an essential interest at the time of such an event that is affected by the occurrence of such an event.

April 15, 2021 - No Comments!

What Are The Different Types Of Agreement In Contract

The most important thing is that each party clearly understands the work done, when it is completed and the amount paid for the work. An agreement reached by two or more parties, in which the terms and conditions are agreed upon and a date of execution is called an execution contract. Contact and shows that both parties are required to fulfill the order for the contract in order to comply with the conditions. Research or engineering contracts are contracts with external suppliers (normally) for specific research and/or technical services related to an applied research and development project. Read more... III-Nondisclosure Agreement (NDA): Nondisclosure Agreement (NDA) is a type of contract in which one party requires the other to never share confidential and proprietary information. The NDA Nondisclosure contract exists between a company and its suppliers, suppliers, independent contractors, employees and all other service providers. TIP: Be aware that most contracts will have an impact on the goods and services tax. I-General Employment Contract: The general employment contract is the most common type of employment contract, which describes all the details of the relationship between the employer and the employee. Among the details described in this contract are length of work, salary, benefits and reasons for dismissal. Some agreements can only be partially verbal.

For example, there may be supporting documents such as an offer or a list of specifications that are also part of the contract. You should at least note the most important points you have agreed with the tenant so as not to rely on memory. Keep all documents related to the contract. The paperwork can be used later in conversations with the tenant to solve a problem. If the dispute becomes serious, it can be used as evidence in court. Read the fine print carefully and let yourself be advised before signing terms you don`t understand. Once you sign a contract, you will be bound to all its terms. If there is a compensation clause, don`t sign until you understand the risks you accept in the event of a problem.

A contract can be cancelled if it is created to perform an illegal act. Empty contracts are not applicable by law. Most contracts have been invalidated since inception, while others are cancelled as a result of changes in state laws or their lands. Simply put, we can say that a contract can be cancelled if the contractual conditions for the performance of an illegal act are changed. Contract management is part of running a small business. They will have a number of business relationships that involve some kind of contractual obligation or obligation. Most contracts are written, but there may also be oral or oral contracts. Contracting parties who enter into a contract owe themselves rights and obligations. In all treaties, there is always an element of mutual benefit. If the contract is only partially written or if the terms of the book are defined in a series of separate documents (e-mail, citation, etc.), it is to your advantage to ensure that any formal agreement you must sign refers to or contains those documents.

At least make sure that the contract does not indicate that the formal document is the whole agreement. A legally binding agreement to treat certain common information such as confidential, proprietary or trade secrets and not to have it communicated to third parties without proper authorization. It is Mason`s policy to require lead investigators to sign these agreements by recognizing their responsibility to protect this confidential information during preliminary interviews or research projects.

April 14, 2021 - No Comments!

Virgin Australia Interline Agreements

Increased amount of free baggage - Interline or codeshare routes With Singapore Airlines and SilkAir: Singapore Airlines and SilkAir enjoy additional privileges for abandoned open baggage. Passengers flying Virgin Australia to Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, Cairns and Perth with regional rex flights can benefit from our Interline checked baggage agreement. They will be able to stay in the same terminal and connect smoothly to their Virgin Australia destination or vice versa, without having to manage their own pockets in between. The registration of the boarding pass and seating is required at Virgin Australia. Can I use online check-in when I use hold baggage to connect with a Virgin Australia flight? No, this feature is not currently available. Standard check-in at the airport is required for the Rex and Virgin Australia areas if you are travelling with checked baggage requiring a transfer between airlines. We are unable to process baggage loading when a passenger has completed the web check-in of their Rex or Virgin Australia flight. Please note that a minimum time of 60 minutes between Rex and Virgin Australia applies. What ports do I connect to virgin Australia? Rex`s six common ports with Virgin Australia are Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, Cairns and Perth.

Through these six ports, we are able to offer the Rex/Virgin Australia through the checked baggage space. A full list of Virgin Australia-operated areas can be find on Virgin Australia`s destination website. What if I had special needs? (Including medical conditions/requirements, travel with pets or book a child under 12 to travel alone. A list of specific requirements is available here.) For passenger bookings with special needs, you should contact Rex at 13 17 13 to discuss the appropriateness of rerouting your baggage, as not all specific requirements can be met, as stated in the following questions. Can I book my child alone on a Rex/Virgin Australia connection? No, children under the age of 12 travelling alone are considered unaccompanied minors and special conditions apply to their journey. These special conditions mean that unaccompanied minors cannot travel on a Rex/Virgin Australia route. Can I book my pet via a Rex/Virgin Australia connection? No, due to transit time between flights, animals cannot be allowed to travel on a Rex/Virgin Australia route. For customers who carry extra baggage, are the fees charged by both airlines? Over-baggage fees and free baggage are due to each airline. Rex does not offer Interline under any other circumstances through checked baggage.

Like Virgin Atlantic, Virgin Australia lists the aircraft in its fleet names, which previously contain female names and words related to Australian cities and towns or other typical Australian themes. Recent additions to the fleet have featured names of australia`s famous beaches. Names on virgin Australian planes include "Brissie Lizzie" ("Brissie" is an Australian year-end name for Brisbane and "Lizzie" is slang for Elizabeth), "Sassy Sydney" (Sydney is a female name and the name of Australia`s largest city), "Prue Blue" (with the cautious name and also a pun on the true phrase "blue" meaning "patriotic"), "Tassie Tigress" (with the slang name for Tasmania and the common name for thylacin) and "Mackay-be Diva" (a pun about the town of Mackay, queenland and Makybe Diva, a famous Australian racehorse).

April 14, 2021 - No Comments!

Us Trade Agreements With Other Countries

The European Union and the United States have the largest bilateral trade and investment relations and the most integrated economic relations in the world. The Doha talks lasted more than a decade and continued, and the reasons for their failure are complex. Many of these problems were related to the two most powerful economies, the United States and the EU. They both opposed a reduction in agricultural subsidies, which would have resulted in lower food export prices than in many emerging economies. Low food prices would have taken many local farmers out of their operations. The refusal of the United States and the EU to cut subsidies, among other things, has derailed the Doha Round. A free trade agreement is an agreement between two or more countries in which countries agree on certain obligations that affect trade in goods and services as well as the protection of investors and intellectual property rights. For the United States, the primary objective of trade agreements is to remove barriers to U.S. exports, protect U.S.

interests abroad, and improve the rule of law in partner countries or countries of the free trade agreement. Removing trade barriers and creating a more stable and transparent business and investment environment make it easier and cheaper for U.S. companies to export their products and services to the markets of their trading partners. Which countries have a free trade agreement with the United States? USTR is primarily responsible for the management of U.S. trade agreements. These include monitoring the implementation of trade agreements with the United States by our trading partners, the application of U.S. rights under those agreements, and the negotiation and signing of trade agreements that advance the President`s trade policy. The United States has 14 free trade agreements with 20 countries and is currently negotiating regional free trade agreements with several other countries. For two economies of this size with such a high volume of trade, the EU and the United States inevitably face a number of trade disputes that are resolved through the WTO dispute settlement mechanism. Free trade allows the total import and export of goods and services between two or more countries.

Trade agreements are forged to reduce or eliminate import or export quotas. These help participating countries to act competitively. Although they tend to make headlines, these disputes currently affect only about 2% of EU-US trade. These occur when one country imposes trade restrictions and no other country responds. A country can also unilaterally relax trade restrictions, but this rarely happens. This would penalize the country with a competitive disadvantage. The United States and other developed countries do so only as a kind of foreign aid to help emerging countries strengthen strategic industries that are too small to be a threat. It helps the economies of emerging countries to develop and creates new markets for U.S. exporters. Starting with the Theodore Roosevelt government, the United States has become an important player in international trade, especially with its neighboring territories in the Caribbean and Latin America.

April 13, 2021 - No Comments!

Uhew Collective Agreement

The majority of PSAC members in the Program and Administrative (PA), Technical Services (TC), Education and Library Science (EB) and PSAC-UTE (Canada Revenue Agency) units voted in favour of their respective preliminary agreements. The four units represent nearly 110,000 federal public service employees who have gone beyond Canadians to support Canadians during this pandemic. Although advisory, committees do not have the authority to amend the provisions of collective agreements or regulations that affect the conditions of employment of workers. They do not interfere with management`s authority, administrative obligation or the legal rights of the union, as defined by laws or collective agreements. The goal is to communicate freely and solve things. The new collective agreements for the PA, TC and EB groups cover the period 2018-2021, while the new PSAC-UTE collective agreement covers the period 2016-2021. All agreements provide for fair wages, no concessions and improved working conditions. You are strong: a step backwards is nothing when you look at the journey you have already made. Sharon Barbour: Regional/Health and Safety Representatives/Members are organized on the premises, and our headquarters in the National Capital Region (Ottawa) and includes 5 buildings throughout the NCR. CCCs also allow negotiators to share their views with management on issues that are important to them.

Such a joint consultation ensures that the views of the negotiating partners are gathered and that management takes these views into account when making decisions. Click here for more information on PSAC`s organizing program and psaC participation. Collective bargaining is how PSAC and management find the terms and conditions of employment of our members. National or federal labour law sets rules on how these negotiations are conducted and how conflicts are managed. James is a regional plenipotentiary in Victoria. He is responsible for all of these Vancouver Island premises, the Victoria and North Vancouver Island Area Councils, the Vancouver Island Human Rights Committee and the Vancouver Island Young Workers Committee. James is also the regional mobilization coordinator for members of the CRA`s bargaining unit. Deanna Kimball, a collaborator in the Office of the Regional Executive Vice-President, is the Regional Education Officer (REO) for THE PSAC B.C. Deanna has been with PSAC since 2007 and was PSAC`s regional representative in the Winnipeg and Vancouver regional offices for 10 years. She has extensive experience in moderation and knowledge of PSAC training programs.

Prior to PSAC, Deanna was a member of the Union of National Defence Employees and was active in her Winnipeg office. Sharon is responsible for the regional health and safety portfolio, which includes Worksafe BC and the Regional Environment portfolio. She is also the coordinator of the mobilization of statistical investigation operations for the negotiations and is responsible for the following local populations on the lower continent: Varinder is responsible for the following premises at Metro Vancouver and Northern BC.

April 13, 2021 - No Comments!

Traduction De Data Processing Agreement

`standard contractual clauses`, the standard contractual clauses adopted in accordance with the European Commission`s decision of 5 February 2010 on standard contractual clauses for the transfer of personal data to subcontractors based in third countries, in accordance with Directive 95/46/EC. The processing of this data is based on our legitimate interest in improving the stability and functionality of our site, Article 6, paragraph 1, first sentence, f) RGPD. This data is stored only for technical reasons and is not related to a particular person. Access data is used for error analysis, system security, recording access to paid services (z.B. DeepL Pro) and improving our translation service. Due to a legitimate interest in achieving the stated objectives, the full IP address is retained for a short period of time, no more than 14 days. We use HubSpot, Inc. software, located in 25 First Street, 2nd Floor, Cambridge, MA 02141 USA, for marketing activities, lead production and customer communication. HubSpot uses cookies to help the site analyze the use of the site. HubSpot may use the information collected (z.B. IP address, geographic location, browser type, visit time and page views) on our behalf to provide information about your visit to our website and the pages viewed.

This may include transferring your data to the United States. If an employment contract is entered into as a result of the recruitment process, we store your personal data as part of your personal file for the purposes of the usual organizational and administrative procedures, in accordance with the broader legal obligations. 3.4 Objection to subcontractors. Customers may object in writing to DigitalOcean`s order for a new subprocessor for justifiable data protection reasons, notifying DigitalOcean immediately in writing within five (5) calendar days of receiving the DigitalOcean notification in accordance with Section 3.3. This opinion must explain the reasons for the objection. In this case, the parties discuss these concerns in good faith in order to reach an economically reasonable solution. If this is not possible, each party can terminate the corresponding services that cannot be provided by DigitalOcean without the use of the offending subprocessor again. We process this data for the purposes of performance of the contract in accordance with Article 6, paragraph 1, first sentence, bed.b) RGPD. The data is kept for the duration of the contract and, if necessary, during legal retention periods. The processing is done in accordance with Article 6, paragraph 1, first sentence, of the RGPD, on the basis of our legitimate interest in improving the stability and functionality of our website. The data is stored for purely technical reasons and is not associated with a particular person.

Website access data is used for error analysis, system security, recording access to paid services (z.B. DeepL Pro) and improving our translation service. The storage of the full IP address for up to 14 days is our legitimate interest in achieving the purposes listed in accordance with Article 6, paragraph 1, p. 1 sub f) RGPD. We use the ticketing system of supplier Zendesk Inc. ("Zendesk"), 1019 Market Street, San Francisco, CA 94103, United States. This may include transferring your data to the United States. We have an agreement with Zendesk regarding the processing of orders and Zendesk can only process the data in accordance with our instructions and not for its own purposes. For more information on how Zendesk handles personal data and how Zendesk meets the requirements of Article 44 of the Data Protection Act (especially after the withdrawal of the EU-US data protection shield), click here. "personal data," any customer data relating to an identified or identifiable individual, as long as that information is protected as personal data under applicable data protection legislation.

April 13, 2021 - No Comments!

The Rush Bagot Agreement

The rush bagot pact was an agreement between the United States and Great Britain to eliminate their fleets from the Great Lakes, with the exception of small patrol vessels. The 1818 convention established the border between the territory of Missouri in the United States and British North America (later Canada) at the forty-ninth parallel. Both agreements reflected the easing of diplomatic tensions that led to the War of 1812 and marked the beginning of Anglo-American cooperation. Mr. Bagot met informally with Foreign Affairs Minister James Monroe and finally reached an agreement with his successor, Current Minister Richard Rush. The agreement limited military navigation on the Great Lakes to one or two ships per country on each sea. The U.S. Senate ratified the agreement on April 28, 1818. The British government felt that an exchange of diplomatic letters between Rush and Bagot was sufficient to make the agreement effective. A plaque from the Ontario Heritage Trust in Kingston, in Ontario, recognizes the Rush Bagot Agreement (44-13`48`N 76-27`59`W / 44.229894 N 76.466292 N 76.466292-W / 44.29894; -76.4662922). A commemorative plaque is also located on the former site of the British envoy in Washington, D.C., D.C. (38-54`13.N 77-3`8.4`W / 38.903806 N 77.05233-W / 38.903806; -77.052333), where the agreement was negotiated. A monument is also located on the site of the Old Fort Niagara (43-15`N 79-03`49`W / 43.263347 N 79.063719 W / 43.263347; -79.063719), reliefs of Rush and Bagot, as well as the words of the treaty.

[10] Although the agreements did not fully resolve border disputes and trade agreements, the Rush Bagot Agreement and the 1818 Agreement marked a significant turning point in Anglo-American and U.S.-Canadian relations. Although the treaty was a challenge during the First World War, its conditions were not changed. Similar problems arose before the Second World War, but Foreign Minister Cordell Hull wanted to maintain the agreement because of its historical importance. In 1939 and 1940, Canada and the United States agreed to interpret the treaty so that weapons would be installed in the Great Lakes, but would not be passable until the ships had left the lakes. In 1942, the United States, which had gone to war and allied with Canada, successfully proposed to install and test weapons in the lakes until the end of the war.